Capitoline Hill 3.0 rating

  Neighbourhoods and Streets

The Capitoline Hill may be the smallest of the Seven Hills of Rome, but it certainly was important to the ancient Romans who believed that it was indestructible, and adopted it as a symbol of eternity. Located between the Forum and the Campus Martius, it was home to several classical temples - Temple of Juno Moneta, Temple of Virtus, Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus, and the Temple of Saturn at the foot of hill. Though it fell into disuse during the Middle Ages, it was spectacularly revived during the Renaissance with Michelangelo's plans for the Piazza del Campidoglio, which is surrounded by Medieval and Renaissance palaces including the Capitoline Museums. Explore the magnificent square and its impressive surroundings with one of the various Capitoline Hill tours.

Take the Cordonata stairs from Via del Teatro di Marcello to the Campidoglio Square. Note the black basalt sculptures of 2 Egyptian lions flanking the entrance, and the marble sculptures of Castor and Pollux at the exit. The square is surrounded by the Capitoline Museums (housed in the Palazzo dei Conservatori and Palazzo Nuovo), and the Palazzo Senatorio which is the city hall of Rome, built on top of the ancient Tabularium which had once housed the archives of Rome. On the square are a fountain with allegorical figures of Tiber, Nile and Minerva, and a bronze equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. The 16th century Palazzo Caffarelli-Clementino, a part of the Capitoline Museums, stands just off the square.

The highest point on the hill is occupied by the 12th century Basilica of Santa Maria in Aracoeli, which houses relics of Saint Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, minor relics from the Holy Sepulchre, and the images of Nostro Signora di Mano di Oro di Aracoeli and Santo Bambino of Aracoeli.

The Piazza Venezia at the foot of the hill is the city's central hub which lies at the intersection of several major thoroughfares. It has the Altare della Patria, an imposing monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, first king of Italy.



About Capitoline Hill

 Piazzale Caffarelli, 00186 Roma, Italy

Capitoline Hill and Nearby Attractions on Map

Nearby Attractions km / mile

Colosseum(0.9 km)
One of the 7 wonders of the medieval world, the Colosseum is perhaps the most famous landmark in Rome.

Trevi Fountain

Trevi Fountain(0.9 km)
Completed in 1762 to a design by Nicola Salvi, this spectacular Baroque fountain features a mythological sculptural composition of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked by two Tritons: one Triton labours to control a violent sea-horse, the other controls a pacified creature, both symbolising the dual nature of the world's oceans.

Piazza di Spagna

Piazza di Spagna(1.4 km)
The Piazza di Spagna (Spanish Square) is the most famous square in Rome.

Church of Sant'Ignazio di Loyola
Roma dal Cielo Terrazza delle Quadrighe
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore(1.4 km)
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (Basilica of Saint Mary Major) is one of the 4 Papal major basilicas, built in the 5th century atop Esquiline Hill to honor Virgin Mary.

Roman Forum

Roman Forum(0.3 km)
Occupying the valley between the Palatine and the Capitoline Hill, the Roman Forum was the political, religious and commercial nucleus of ancient Rome.

St. Peter's Basilica

St. Peter's Basilica(0.1 km)
Towering over the skyline of the Vatican City, the Basilica of Saint Peter is one of the largest and most renowned churches in the world.

56 Capitoline Hill Tickets and Tours in Rome

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