/ Berlin / Places to Visit / The Bebelplatz
Nazi Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels made Bebelplatz (then called Opernplatz) infamous on 10th May 1933, when he used the square across from Humboldt University to burn 20,000 books by 'immoral' authors of whom the Nazis did not approve.
Nazi Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels made Bebelplatz (then called Opernplatz) infamous on 10th May 1933, when he used the square across from Humboldt University to burn 20,000 books by 'immoral' authors of whom the Nazis did not approve. Their list included Thomas and Heinrich Mann, Arnold Zweig, Kurt Tucholsky and Sigmund Freud. Today a monument is the reminder, though it blames Nazi students for the episode. When entering the square it's easy to miss the monument. Look dead centre: the monument is underground. A piece of plexiglass allows the viewer to look underground into a large, white room, filled with entirely empty, blank white bookcases. The absence of books reminds the viewer just what was lost here: ideas. But the event did reveal things to come, as author and philosopher Heinrich Heine, whose books were burned, said in 1821: 'This was only the foreplay. Where they burn books, they will also burn people'. He was correct.
Bebelplatz, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Originally erected in 1818 to a classically-inspired design by Karl Friedrich Schinkel as a guardhouse for the imperial palace, since 1993 this compact building has housed a small, but extremely powerful war cenotaph, the Central Memorial of the Federal Republic of Germany, continuing its use under East German rule as the primary 'Memorial to the Victims of Fascism and Militarism'
German historical museum covering everything from pre-history right up to the present day
The Pergamon Museum is partially closed for renovation until 2019
Compared to New York, Bilbao and Venice, it is a relatively small exhibition place
The Hugenottenmuseum represents the ongoing influence on Berlin by the Huguenots who emigrated from France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes
The Bode Museum on Berlin’s Museuminsel houses the Skulpturensammlung und Museum fur Byzantine Kunst (Sculpture Collection and Museum of Byzantine Art) as well as part of the Munzkabinett numismatic collection
The Neues Museum or New Museum on Berlin’s Museuminsel stands as a monument to 19th century art appreciation, museum design and technological innovation