Dating back to the late 1100s and spanning the Yongding River, the Lugou Bridge is both architecturally and historically important. Noted by Marco Polo in the 13th century as a 'very fine stone bridge' it came to be known in the West as simply the Marco Polo Bridge. An incident between Japanese and Chinese forces here in 1937 also marked the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Lugou Bridge and Nearby Attractions on Map
Marco Polo Bridge(0.3 km)
The Marco Polo Bridge across the Yongding River was first built in 1192, and then again in 1698 following damage during flooding.
Wanping Fortress(0.2 km)
At the east end of the Lugou Bridge is this Ming-era defensive fortress.
Chinese People's Anti-Japanese War Memorial Hall(0.5 km)
The Museum of the War of Chinese People's Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in the Wanping Fortress is dedicated to the Sino-Japanese War which lasted from 1937 to 1945.
Wanpingcheng is a Ming Dynasty fortress built in 1638 - 1640 to control access to the Marco Polo Bridge, protecting Beijing against Li Zicheng and the peasant uprising.
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