Rossio 3.0 rating


Praca Dom Pedro IV Square, better known as Rossio, is the main square in downtown Lisbon and a popular meeting place for locals. An important square since the 13th century, it is surrounded by buildings from the 18th century erected after the devastating earthquake of 1755, and paved with Portuguese mosaic set in a wavy pattern of black basalt and white limestone. It has been the setting of several historical events from revolts and executions to bullfights and celebrations.

At the centre is the Column of Pedro IV, a 23 metre high Corinthian pedestal surmounted by a marble statue of King of Portugal Peter IV in military uniform and royal cloak, holding the Constitutional Charter of 1826 in his right hand. At the base of the column are 4 female allegorical figures of Justice, Prudence, Strength, and Temperance, along with garlands and shields of 16 major Portuguese cities. On either side of the Column are 2 bronze Baroque fountains that were imported from France. The monumental fountains feature sculptures of mermaids and mythical figures.

At the north end of the square is the Teatro Nacional D Maria, while all around are several cafes and restaurants. The best known are the Café Nicola, and Café Suiça.



About Rossio

 Rossio, 2715-311 Lisbon, Portugal

Rossio and Nearby Attractions on Map

Nearby Attractions km / mile
The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum(3 km)
Created from the personal collection of Calouste Gulbenkian, an Armenian who longed to see all his treasures displayed in a museum.

Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga

Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga(2.1 km)
Portugal's impressive national art collection, including 14-19th century European painting, artefacts of Portuguese contact with the East and Africa and a collection of ecclesiastical treasures.

Gloria Funicular

Gloria Funicular(0.3 km)
Inaugurated on 24 October 1885, this funicular was the second to be placed in Lisbon.

Bica Funicular

Bica Funicular(0.7 km)
This funicular was inaugurated on 28 June 1892 and its route is known as the most typical of the city.

Lavra Funicular

Lavra Funicular(0.6 km)
The oldest funicular of Lisbon was inaugurated on 19 April 1884 and on that day it worked for 16 consecutive hours, carrying more than 3,000 passengers free.

Rua Augusta Arch

Rua Augusta Arch(0.6 km)

Feira da Ladra

Feira da Ladra(1.2 km)
Bustling flea market with antique stores.

Lisbon Botanical Gardens

Lisbon Botanical Gardens(1 km)
A hidden gem.

33 Rossio Tickets and Tours in Lisbon

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