Built in first half of 1400s, this is the large medieval castle under the Second Bosphorus Bridge. Its former name Boğazkesen (Turkish)/Laimokopia (Greek) means both 'strait-blocker' and 'throat-cutter' in both languages and denotes the reason of its building-to shut the supply routes from the Black Sea in the north into the slowly falling apart Byzantine Empire through the Bosphorus. Rumeli, literally 'Roman land', was the name of the European half of Ottoman Empire, and as is usual with some other structures and villages along the Bosphorus, used as a prefix to differentiate Rumeli Hisarı from its counterpart in Asian Side, the much smaller Anadolu Hisarı, located just across the Bosphorus.
Rumeli Citadel and Nearby Attractions on Map
Anadolu Citadel(0 km)
A medieval citadel a little older and much smaller than its European counterpart, situated on the meadow where tranquil Göksu River empties into the Bosphorus, surrounded by picturesque wooden traditional houses.
Sakip Sabanci Museum(2.2 km)
Museum with a rich collection of calligraphy and paintings.
The neighbourhood of Arnavutköy (literally 'Albanian village', paying homage to its founders in 1500s) features impressive 4-storey wooden mansions which line the waterfront, all bearing significant artwork on their facades.
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